Learn about History of The Secretariat, one of Yangon’s more iconic building and symbol of Myanmar’s independence and democracy. It was in this building were the country’s first parliament was created and where the General Aung San, one of the independence heroes, was shot dead short before the country’s declared its independence from the British Empire.
Our service includes:
Transportation: Transfer with private air-con coach
Experienced and fluent English speaking guide
Day 1: Visit to The Secretariat
Our English-speaking guide and driver will meet you at your hotel lobby at 9:00 a.m. and transport you to The Secretariat office. Upon arrival, you will see the guard house on your right, and from the entrance, you need to walk about 2 min to the main building. When you arrive to the Main Building (The North Gate), pass through the North Side Building and you will arrive to the courtyard. From there you will see that the main building has a “U” shape design. The colors used, red brick and light yellow, are the result of the Victoria architectural design by Henry Hoyne Fox. When you reach inside the courtyard you can feel the greatest and wonderful surroundings, including the U shaped building, the white monument, the great flag pole, and the parliament building.
After an explanation from your guide about the Martyrs’ history, you will start the tour around The Secretariat, learning about the history of this rich colonial building built in the late 1800s, as well as about its big importance in Myanmar’s politics and administration. During this tour we will visit:
The parliament chamber, the very first parliament in Myanmar, was built in around 1919 and the British Government used it as a legislative council. At 4th Jan 1948, Myanmar gained its independence, holding the ceremony in front of the parliament. In the post-independence period, the legislative council chamber became the first parliament.
The Martyrs Room, where the main point of Myanmar’s historic change happened in 19th July 1947. Four gunmen came across along the western corridor, while General Aung San and the ministers were holding an executive meeting inside the cabinet meeting room. When the gunmen reached the front of the room, they broke in and shot the General and the ministers.
The monumental flag pole in front of the parliament building where the Myanmar flag was raised for the very first time on the country’s Independence Day in January 1948.
The Cenotaph, the first monument for the martyrs, was built two weeks after their assassination, having seven stone slabs around the monument. This slabs are only for the seven ministers, but in total there were nine martyrs, including a deputy minister U Ohn Maung and Ko Htwae and a bodyguard of Mr. Abdul Razak.
The Southern Entrance (the main gate) is the earliest gate in the building, having a Victorian architecture majestic stair case, one of the most significant and amazing staircase of the Secretariat. There was a big dome on the top of the gate and every corner had three towers at each corners. These collapsed during a very strong earthquake in 1930. Now the building is under renovation, to preserve it as a historical heritage monument.
The Western Gate is also an important part of the building’s history because it was precisely from this gate where the murders got into the building. After that they drove their Jeep towards the south-western corner and dropped the four gunmen, who head to the cabinet meeting room to commit the assassination.
After the sightseeing, transfer back to your hotel.